The level of use of safety belts in Ukraine is the lowest among all European countries.
The bill proposes to establish that a violation of the rules of use of safety belts or helmets shall entail imposing a fine amounting to 30 non-taxable minimum incomes of citizens.
The applicable provision of article 121 of the Cao is punishable with a fine in the amount of 3 tax-free minimum incomes of citizens.
As noted in the explanatory Memorandum to the bill, the level of use of safety belts in Ukraine is the lowest among all European countries.
“Only 23% of drivers use seat belts, according to a study of the Campaign “For safe roads”, held in 2018. For example, in France 99% of the drivers regularly use seat belts in the Czech Republic – 97%, Slovenia – 93%, Poland – 83%”, – stated in the explanatory Memorandum.
At the same time, according to the world health organization (who), the non-use of seat belts and motorcycle helmets is one of the key risk factors that directly affects road safety and has a direct causal relationship with road accidents and their severe consequences. It is also noted that international experience shows that one of the most effective ways to get drivers and passengers to use seat belts and helmets is the strengthening of the responsibility for these violations. Thus, in countries with a high level of safety, the penalty is a significant part of income and therefore the majority of drivers and passengers use seat belts and helmets. For example, in France the penalty for ignoring the seat belt is 135 Euro, Slovenia – Euro 120, Czech Republic – 77 Euro, stated in the explanatory Memorandum.
18 December 2018, the Verkhovna Rada rejected the draft law on the reduction of death and injury on highways by increasing the use of seat belts and helmets.
The draft law in article 121 of the Cao proposed to provide that a violation of the rules of use of safety belts or helmets shall entail imposing a fine in the amount of 50 untaxed minimum incomes of citizens.
According to the National police, every year on the roads in Ukraine killed at least 3500 people, and about the same number injured.