In the Stalin-Brezhnev era were a great many writers whose names now no one will remember.
Popular blogger Maxim Mirovich continues his fascinating expose of the realities of the Soviet system. This time we will focus on the Holy of holies of Russian culture – literature. But only the Soviet.
“So, friends, today will be a long-planned me post-exposing Soviet writers — the ones that often form the basis of the views of fans of the Soviet Union and where these buffs are often referred to. The post is great, but is very interesting — as the Soviet Union should be criticized not only for black-and-white photos shopping alcoholics and tram boors, but, so to say, conceptual content. Here with him today, and we’ll figure it out.
I think you all read books by authors like Arkady Gaidar, Kassil, Lev, Sergei Mikhalkov, and Kir Bulychev — here about them and speech will go in this post.
Unhealthy Arkady Gaidar
Arkady Gaidar — perhaps one of the most famous and, so to speak, the most conceptual of the Soviet authors; if all of the pre-revolutionary writers came out of Gogol’s “Overcoat” that all Soviet writers in a sense, went out of his overcoat commander Golikov — such was the real name of the red commander, later became the writer. That Gaidar laid main “memes” of Soviet literature, like “the damned burzhuinov”, “invincible red army” and things like that. By the way, unlike many fans of the USSR, who had only read stories about Malchish-Kibalchish (the part of the story “Military secret”), or, in the best case, “Timur and his team” — I’ve read all the works of the Gaidar complete works, including the major novels and all sorts of little-known stories about the war.
The most interesting it turns out, if you start to study in detail the life of Gaidar-Golikova. Arkady was born in a poor family, his mother was a noblewoman and relative of Lermontov — but apparently, young Golikov not found with parents. We can only guess what happened at their house, but in 14 years Golikov runs away from parents and into the red army. In 1921, 17-year-old Gaidar-Golikov had command of a reserve rifle regiment.
In 1921, the young Colonel took part in the suppression of the popular anti-Soviet uprising in the Tambov province — when Tukhachevsky grass farmers gases. Golikov did not hesitate methods and were shot by “bandits” (rebellious peasants) right and left — including his own, in an emphasis from a pistol.
And then, apparently, had some kind of breakdown. Again, we can only guess what happened in fact — can be, Arkady saw some terrible dream, and maybe — got a letter from mother. Gaidar was retired from the army with a diagnosis of “traumatic neurosis.” In history it was stated — “appeared irritability, anger. Appeared umarstvo, ravindernath. Began to appear dreary bouts of nastiness, spasms in the throat. Appeared drowsiness, often wept.”
In Soviet sources the reason for this behavior called light injury after a bad fall from a horse, but personally, I think that Gaydar just went up and with horror began to evaluate everything I’ve done before, but there was no turning back — “the forsaken”, the Bolsheviks simply shot to his comrades. And through all the work of Gaidar is this soreness — he was just trying to explain to myself that he did everything right, killing people in the name of some phantom of “communism”.
Until the end of days Gaidar unsuccessfully treated in psychiatric hospitals, made several suicide attempts and once wrote in her diary — “I’m having a lot of people killed me in childhood”. In the USSR just didn’t tell us, preferring to feed children to the myths about the daring commander of the red.
Tragic Lev Kassil
Lev Kassil is not too well known now, but the favorite children of the 1950s and 70s years of Soviet author. Like Gaidar, Kassil was born in a poor family, lived in a nice apartment and received a good education. One of the most famous works Kassil was, perhaps, the story “Conduit and Shvambraniya” — that quite successfully and now reissued.
The novel in its very interesting and tells the story of two brothers-gymnasium during the First world war and the October revolution. Shvambraniya in the story is an imaginary country, in which he played brothers (Leon and Joseph), and in which everything was perfect:
I wish it was beautiful. We have, in sambrani, great! Bridge everywhere, and muscles all in what! The guys from the parents free. Then more sugar as you want. Funeral rarely, and film every day. Weather — the sun always cold. All the poor rich. Everyone is happy. And lice are not.
Later Kassil pulled on the children’s game “the dream of communism” — they say, we since the childhood dreamed to live in the great and beautiful of the USSR.
When I read “Sambrani”, then could not help but notice how Kassil specially customized your childhood memories under Soviet realities — On, we broke into the house of the red army, it is great! Life gave us a jolt! Oh, my mother took piano, she left hidden in a packet of documents, but it back — how cool is that! Oh, the neighbors broke into the Cheka and drove away from the house all the men to be shot — as they should be, I used to not like!
Later Lev Kassil and even sang in his books Stalinist fascism — telling the story “Early sunrise” in the mouth of a gray-haired Professor with the Tatar surname Gaburov about the Russian language — say, he is the greatest, not pshekaet not dzekaet, not Burr, as “other nedoyazyki”, and “says wide, open!”. And met in the street the enemy of Soviet power and is directly called “enemy.”
Personally, I figure Kassil always causes internal contradiction — but how can an educated boy from an educated urban Jewish families in all seriousness to write such things. And then began to discover interesting details from the life of a Lion. The system that he praised in his books, and trampled his brother — the same curly hair and charming Oska from “Conduit and shvambraniya” that rejoiced in the arrival of the Bolsheviks and climbed on his knees to the red army, was arrested in 1937 and shot after being tortured.
I met a version of what was then recruited and the Lion, making him the conditions of which he could not refuse — either you disown the brother and glorify in their books the Soviet government, or go after him. And we can only guess that deep down, felt Kassil, Lev — who had until the end of days to ride around the palaces of pioneers and tell about how to live well in the USSR.
Unscrupulous Sergei Mikhalkov
Sergei Mikhalkov known as almost not a big fan of the USSR and the Stalinist in the Soviet literature, that is it until 1956, almost in every third poem sang odes to the Great Leader — in the poem called “Happiness,” he said, for example, that “on this day, our Stalin fatherly of all the children hugged”, and in other frequently called to life by “the precepts of the great Stalin.”
In 1937 Mikhalkov fueled “anti-spyware” Stalinist hysteria by publishing in the children’s magazine “Murzilka” things
Also known the story told by the dramatist Anatoly Mariengof — during a reception in the Kremlin, Sergei Mikhalkov beg Stalin’s half-eaten burrito on his plate — obedok reverently wrapped in a white handkerchief and took it home. It is not excluded that house Mikhalkov made a small altar and worshipped the relics of the mummified pasties.
Well, you say, let people believe in the wrong ideology, but it was some of his principles. But alas, to disappoint you (or, conversely, happy) — no principles Mikhalkov was not, it was the usual shovels trimmer. Rather, the principle was the same — to lick the ass of power.
After debunking the cult of Stalin Mikhalkov is shamelessly grafomanskie began to write poems in honor of Khrushchev, like this:
“As for Khrushchev –
He was pleased from the heart:
The astronauts keep their word,
That and the other
And in the nineties, after the fall of communism and after the coming to power of Boris Yeltsin, Sergei Mikhalkov immediately said: “And now, suddenly, the Soviet Empire disintegrated! No more States with the name of the USSR! Collapsed “unbreakable Union”, burying under its ruins the seemingly immutable structure of the party-state apparatus, with its indifferent to the fate of a man of law enforcement and penal system, the rotten economy, “developed socialism” and the ghostly Communist ideals. The Kremlin chimes beat off the last hour of the USSR.”
What’s the bottom line?
In the USSR of Stalin and Brezhnev era was still a lot of writers-by-night, who reacted to the antics and jumping power, and that gave the Talmud about the fight against spies, sculpted boulders on the great construction projects like BAM and stuff like that — but about their names now no one will remember.
What we have in “dry writing the rest” of the USSR? Remain, of course, such authors as Mikhail Bulgakov and his literary vision and Gothic, is Venedikt Erofeev with brilliant poem “Moscow-Petushki” remain Strugatsky are Ilf and Petrov remains Varlam Shalamov. That’s just the most interesting thing is that it’s not Soviet, but rather anti-Soviet writers.
And from a purely Soviet literature to the beginning of the XXI century nothing left.”